Heart Failure

Heart Failure Diagnosis and Treatment

Heart failure develops when the heart, via an abnormality of cardiac function (detectable or not), fails to pump blood at a rate commensurate with the requirements of the metabolizing tissues or is able to do so only with an elevated diastolic filling pressure, associated with pulmonary wedge congestion and elevated PCWP. Signs and symptoms Signs […]

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Acute Coronary Syndrome

Signs and symptoms Atherosclerosis is the primary cause of ACS, with most cases occurring from the disruption of a previously nonsevere lesion. Complaints reported by patients with ACS include the following: Palpitations Pain, which is usually described as pressure, squeezing, or a burning sensation across the precordium and may radiate to the neck, shoulder, jaw,

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